January 3, 2020
Contact: Russell Chisholm, POWHR Co-Chair, email@example.com, (540) 404-2727
Related: Starting off the New Year with a ‘Bang!’: Virginia Landowners quietly file constitutional case against FERC [Press Statement from Gentry Locke]
Landowners file Facial Constitutional Challenge Against FERC and MVP under the Federal Non-Delegation Doctrine
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Virginia landowners in the path of the Mountain Valley Pipeline, which crosses Southwestern Virginia and West Virginia, have quietly filed a constitutional challenge in the federal district court in Washington, D.C., challenging the authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to issue certificates to any and all pipeline companies, including the Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP).
Plaintiffs have brought a facial constitutional challenge under three counts, alleging that any and all certificates already issued under the Natural Gas Act are void. Plaintiffs are seeking a declaratory judgment from the U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C., asking the Court to declare that Congress’s overly broad delegation of legislative powers to FERC was and is facially unconstitutional; that any delegation of eminent domain power to any and all private actors, including MVP, is facially unconstitutional; that FERC has no authority to issue certificates to applicants seeking to invoke the power of eminent domain to take property; and that all such certificates already issued are void ab initio.
In the past year, the US Supreme Court has evinced a new willingness to revisit the issue of unconstitutional “delegations” of Congressional authority under the federal non-delegation doctrine, derived from Articles I, II, and III of the Constitution of the United States—a doctrine which has not been applied since 1935. As reported by the Associated Press (AP) on June 21, 2019, the combined dissenting opinion of Justice Neil Gorsuch—who was joined by Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Clarence Thomas—and the separate opinion by Justice Samuel Alito signal that America could soon see a revival of the federal non-delegation doctrine. The case decided last year was Gundy v. United States, No. 17-6086.
Russell Chisholm, Co-Chair of Protect Our Water, Heritage, Rights
“We are encouraged that landowners may have a real opportunity for judicial consideration of their claims challenging the constitutionality of delegating Congressional powers to separate entities. The process as it stands has allowed FERC and private corporations to use the extraordinary power of eminent domain to seize property by force from landowners—a process that has continued even in the face of a multitude of missing permits, several pending lawsuits, and the absence of true public need for the Mountain Valley Pipeline.”
Maury Johnson, POWHR Executive Committee Member and MVP-Affected Landowner
“Pipeline companies across the country are and have been using the power of eminent domain to force landowners to surrender land, often land that has been in families for generations or has significant cultural attachment to the families or citizens of the area. Residents are now standing up for their rights and refusing to surrender their property for the private gain of these companies for these unnecessary fracked gas, tar sands and oil pipelines. It is refreshing that the Supreme Court has acknowledged the unfairness of this practice by signaling their willingness to revisit the issue of unconstitutional ‘delegations’ under the federal non-delegation doctrine. It is with great hope that I join with my friends and neighbors across the two Virginias and the Nation in our encouragement for the Court to strike down this unconstitutional practice by FERC.”
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